Cell Salts/Corresponding Essential Oil Blends Paradigm
2019 Webinar Training Intensive
Using the 12 Cell Salts, Creating Corresponding, Synergistic Essential Oils Blends, Chakras, Reflex Point and Acupoint Blend Application
Presented by Bruce Berkowsky, N.M.D., M.H., H.M.C.
Founder and teacher of the Natural Health Science System ™ and Spiritual PhytoEssencing™
Webinar Course Begins April 9th and ends June 18th
For over 40 years, noted Natural Health Science System™ (NHSS) founder/teacher Dr. Bruce Berkowsky has devoted himself to the study and practice of the art and science of natural healing. He constructed his unique and dynamic system of health creation from a synthesis of the complementary aspects of traditional naturopathy, classical homeopathy, Western science, traditional Eastern healing arts and anthroposophical science. Thus, modern physiological and biochemical knowledge has been incorporated into a context that acknowledges the unity of human life with the fundamental elements and rhythms of nature.
Over the past 23 years Dr. Berkowsky has devoted much of his attention to the development of the art of Spiritual PhytoEssencing (SPE), his system of deep, soul-level healing work with essential oils. This 2019 course represents the first time that he is presenting an original therapeutic method that combines central elements of both his Natural Health Science System and art of Spiritual PhytoEssencing.
Please note: Due to the need to work on other projects, including the completion of various Spiritual PhytoEssencing and Natural Health Science System reference guides and the publication of articles and books, this will be the final full-spectrum natural healing paradigm course that Dr. Berkowsky will be teaching.
While he will continue to teach classes in the future, those will be briefer and more limited in scope. For those of you who want the opportunity to be personally trained by Dr. Berkowsky in a unique, complete, dynamic natural healing paradigm, this 2019 course will be your last opportunity to do so.
This in-depth training features:
1) Understanding the nature and use of the Biochemic Cell Salts
Minerals are essential nutrients which cannot be produced in the body and must be obtained from food. Catalysts for many of the body’s vital functions, minerals comprise about 4% of the human body. Fertile soil is about 45% minerals, yet due to the widespread use of synthetic fertilizers and soil-depleting industrial farming practices, mineral deficiencies in modern humans are quite common.
Minerals by themselves are inactive chemical elements, however they become active when incorporated into tissue structure. Among many other things, minerals: are a major structural component of the body; help maintain acid-base balance; help regulate body processes, including enzyme systems; facilitate nerve impulse transmission and muscle contraction; are required for the production of energy via cellular metabolism.
Accordingly, every living cell depends upon minerals for both its structure and function. Minerals are required for the formation of blood and bone, the proper composition of body fluids, healthy nerve function and the normal operation of the cardiovascular system. Minerals function as coenzymes, enabling the body to perform its functions including energy production, growth and healing. Because all enzyme activities involve minerals, they are essential for the proper utilization of vitamins and other nutrients.
The concept of cell salts (also known as tissue salts or biochemic cell salts) was developed in the latter part of the 19th century by a German physician named Wilhelm Schuessler, M.D. (1821-1898). Cell salts are chemically pure mineral compounds that are essential within the human body. The 12 cell salts, first identified by Schuessler and then used as nutritional medicines in his research and practice, address deficiencies and imbalances of these mineral compounds thus aiding in the alleviation of symptoms and the restoration of health.
Wanting to identify the most common mineral salts within the human body, Schuessler analyzed the ashes of cremated body parts of cadavers. In this way, he discovered that various mineral salts predominated in specific tissues and organs. For example, while potassium phosphate and magnesium phosphate are strongly present in muscle and nerve tissue, potassium chloride is more prominent in mucous membranes and calcium phosphate in bone tissue.
Schuessler theorized that these mineral salts were vital for the normal functioning of those tissues and so deficiencies in them resulted in dysfunction and illness. Furthermore he reasoned, treatment of these tissue mineral deficiencies via the ingestion of these cell salts had the potential to be a vital factor in the healing of the symptoms of dysfunction and disease.
Schuessler believed that the salts had to engage directly with diseased or devitalized cells. Thus, being a homeopath as well as medical doctor, he prepared his cell salts using the homeopathic method of sequential dilution and potentization. The resultant high dilution enables the few remaining molecules of the mineral salt to bypass obstructions in the body and to be absorbed independent of the processes of digestion and assimilation that are often weakened and inefficient in an ill or devitalized individual.
Dr. Schuessler observed: “The biochemic (cell salt therapy) healing method provides the endeavor of natural healing with its missing natural remedies: the inorganic salts. Biochemistry aims at the correction of physiological chemistry that has deviated from the norm.” During his lifetime Dr. Schuessler limited the number of the mineral salts or cell salts that he worked with to twelve. Although others who have followed Schuessler have introduced other cell salts into clinical practice, Schuessler’s 12 cell salts remain the most widely used and his system of using them the most integrated and time-tested.
Dr. Berkowsky has worked with Schuessler’s 12 cell salts for more than 40 years. He finds them to be a gentle and highly effective therapeutic system. In this course, Dr. Berkowsky will be providing in-depth introductory training in the use of these cell salts individually and in combination with each other. Specific focus regarding the use of cell salts will be given to: digestive issues, fatigue, nervousness, sleep problems and other increasingly common complaints.
In 2016, Dr. Berkowsky presented a course during which he covered 8 of the 12 cell salts in great detail. In this 2019 course, he will be doing the same for the remaining 4 cell salts. While he will briefly review the 8 cell salts covered in the 2016 course, it is highly recommended that those who register for this course, purchase the Cell Salts Part 1 and Naturopathic Hydrotherapies Course recording set. In this reference, those registering for the 2019 course will have the option of obtaining the Cell Salts Part 1 and Naturopathic Hydrotherapies Course recording set at a reduced price.
2) Synergistic Essential Oil Blends
Cell Salts and Corresponding Essential Oils
While cell salts have been widely used for about 150 years, this course will for the first time present an in-depth method for using them in conjunction with customized, corresponding essential oil blends. During his development of the art of Spiritual PhytoEssencing (deep soul-level healing work with essential oil blends), Dr. Berkowsky determined specific synchronicities between each of the 12 cell salts and a particular essential oil.
Carl Jung coined the term “”synchronicity,”” referring to thoughts and events that are connected in ways other than causally (i.e., by the law of cause and effect). In Carl Jung: Wounded Healer Of The Soul, Clair Dunne writes: “”Jung called synchronicity ‘acausal [without rationally explicable cause] orderedness’, a principle not contradicting the scientific time, space, and causality modes of Western thinking, but rather a complementary addition to it…Synchronicities are hard to verify objectively, but they are subjectively very meaningful.””
In SPE, synchronicities play a major role in Dr. Berkowsky’s elaboration of the unique soul-nature of each essential oil. Synchronicities, unlike scientifically observed phenomena, cannot be definitively explained via the laws of the space-time dimension. Instead, they emerge from the domain of subtle energies and collective consciousness. Their value in healing work can only be demonstrated through practical application.
The 12 cell salt/essential oil synchronicities elaborated in Spiritual PhytoEssencing are:
Calcium fluoride (Calc. fluor.): Balsam fir; Spikenard
Calcium phosphate (Calc. phos.): Silver fir
Calcium sulphate (Calc. sulph.): Savory
Iron phosphate (Ferrum phos.): Douglas-fir
Magnesium phosphate (Mag. phos): Coriander
Potassium chloride (Kali. mur.): Parsley
Potassium phosphate (Kali. phos.): Pine
Potassium sulphate (Kali sulph.): Galbanum
Sodium chloride (Nat. mur.): Celery Seed
Sodium phosphate (Nat. phos.): Monarda
Sodium sulphate (Nat. sulph.): Goldenrod
Silicea or Silica (Sil.): Ginger Root
These 12 oils are referred to as the “givens oils,” meaning that whenever a particular cell salt (e.g., Silicea) is being used in a protocol, it is a given that its associated oil (in the case of Silicea – ginger root oil) will be included in the protocol’s customized, corresponding essential oil blend.
The other oils in the blend (i.e., the “variables” rather than the “givens”) are determined via the selection of specific rubrics from the Spiritual PhytoEssencing Repertory of Essential Oils as follows.
Cell Salt Mineral Families
The matrix of the art of Spiritual PhytoEssencing consists of a synthesis of elements from various other healing arts and mystical systems including western anatomy, physiology and botany, doctrine of signatures, aromatherapy, Chinese medicine, anthroposophical science, gemstone healing, color therapy, classical homeopathy and Kabbalah.
Each of the 12 cell salts is associated with a particular mineral family. In classical homeopathy, specific emotional and constitutional themes have been identified with each of these mineral families. Accordingly, many of the essential oils used in SPE practice (approximately 125 different oils) are associated with the deep psychospiritual themes and symptomatic patterns of particular mineral families (e.g., calcium, carbon, gold, magnesium, potassium, etc.) that are elaborated in classical homeopathy.
One of the central reference guides used in the Dr. Berkowsky’s Cell Salt/Synergistic Essential Oil Blend Paradigm is the Spiritual PhytoEssencing (SPE) Repertory of Essential Oils. The Repertory is comprised of an organized collection of over 2500 rubrics. The Repertory is an alphabetized index of qualities and symptoms. A rubric consists of a particular quality or symptom and a list of essential oils which have relevance regarding that quality or symptom.
In this reference, the following oils listed in the Calcium Themes rubric of the SPE Repertory of Essential Oils are associated with the themes and patterns of calcium:
Balsam fir; bergamot; carrot seed; cedarwood; champaca; juniper; leleshwa; lime; mastic; olive leaf; oregano; rhododendron; santolina; savory; seaweed; silver fir; spikenard; tamarack; thuja
Cell Salts and Chakras
Furthermore, the three cell salts are being selected by an individual to address symptoms associated with a certain organ or tissue site. In turn, each organ and tissue site is associated with a particular chakra or chakras. Examples: Eye symptoms – Chakra 6; Lung symptoms – Chakras 4 and 5; Stomach symptoms – Chakra 3; Kidney symptoms – Chakra 2.
The SPE Repertory of Essential Oils contains rubrics for each of the seven chakras. Thus, if the area of concern is associated with Chakra 3, one would select the 3rd Chakra rubric.
Ammi visnaga; angelica; balsam fir; basil; bergamot; benzoin; black pepper; blue chamomile; blue mountain sage; cacao; cade; calamus; caraway; carrot seed; cardamom; cassie; catnip; cedarwood; celery seed; cinnamon; cistus; clary sage; clove; cumin; Douglas-fir; fennel; gandhi root; geranium; ginger; gingergrass; goldenrod; greenheart wood; helichrysum; hyssop; jasmine; juniper; kapoor kachri; lavender; leleshwa; lemon; lemon verbena; lemongrass; lime; litsea; lovage; marjoram; melissa; monarda; nagarmotha; neroli; niaouli; nutmeg; oregano; palo santo; palmarosa; parsley; patchouli; peppermint; Peru balsam; petitgrain bigarade; pine; plai; rhododendron; Roman chamomile; rosemary; sage; sandalwood; saro; spearmint; spikenard; tangerine; thyme; tobacco; turmeric; valerian; vetivert; violet leaf; white cloud (kunzea); white spruce; wild orange
Cell Salts and Sun Signs
Each of the 12 cell salts is associated with one of the 12 astrological sun signs. For example: Ferrum phos. is associated with Pisces, Kali. mur. with Gemini and Nat. phos. with Libra. Here is the Pisces rubric from the SPE Repertory of Essential Oils.
Balsam fir; bergamot; black spruce; blue chamomile; blue mountain sage; cacao; cedarwood; champaca; cistus; citronella; coffee; cumin; davana; Douglas-fir; eucalyptus; fennel; galbanum; gandhi root; geranium; gingergrass; goldenrod; helichrysum; hyssop; jasmine; juniper; lavender; lemon; marjoram; mastic; myrrh; neroli; nutmeg; orris root; palmarosa; patchouli; pemou; peppermint; pine; Roman chamomile; rosewood; sage; sandalwood; seaweed; silver fir; spikenard; St. John’s wort; tuberose; turmeric; vetivert; white spruce
Cell Salt, Symptoms and Physiological Sites
The cell salts are selected to address a specific emotional or physical issue. If for the former, then a specific Mental/Emotional Symptoms rubric is chosen for the rubric overlay (vertically arranged comparison of rubrics). For instance, if Kali. phos. is one of the cell salts chosen primarily because of a struggle with anxiety then the Anxiety rubric is used in the rubric overlay.
Ammi visnaga; angelica; anise; balsam fir; balsam poplar; basil; benzoin; bitter orange peel; black spruce; blue chamomile; blue cypress; buchu; camphor; caraway; cardamom; cassie; catnip; cayenne; cedarwood; celery seed; champaca; cilantro; cinnamon; cistus; citronella; clary sage; clove; coffee; copaiba; davana; dill; Douglas-fir; fenugreek; frankincense; gandhi root;; geranium; ginger; gingergrass; grapefruit; guaiac wood; hemp; helichrysum; hyssop; jasmine; juniper; laurel; lavender; leleshwa; lemon; lemongrass; lemon verbena; lime; litsea; lovage; marjoram; melissa; monarda; myrrh; nagarmotha; neroli; nutmeg; olive; onion; oregano; orris root; palo santo; palmarosa; parsley; patchouli; pemou; petitgrain bigarade; pine; plai; prickly ash; rhododendron; Roman chamomile; rose; rosemary; sage; sandalwood; santolina; saro; savory; seaweed; spikenard; St. John’s wort; tagetes; tamarack; tangerine; tarragon; thuja; thyme; tobacco leaf; tuberose; valerian; vetivert; violet; yarrow; white cloud (kunzea); wild orange; ylang ylang;
On the other hand, if the cell salt is selected based upon a physical complaint then either a specific physical symptom rubric or a site-specific rubric (e.g., Stomach) is used. For example: If Mag. phos. was selected because of a history of asthma, the blender can select the Asthma rubric:
ammi visnaga; angelica; anise; asarum; balsam fir; balsam poplar; basil; benzoin; bitter orange; black pepper; black spruce; blue chamomile; buchu; calendula; camphor; caraway; cardamom; cajuput; carrot seed; cassie; catnip; cayenne; cedarwood; celery seed; cilantro; cinnamon; cistus; citronella; clary sage; coffee; cumin; cypress; davana; dill; Douglas-fir; elemi; eucalyptus; fenugreek; frankincense; galbanum; geranium; ginger; goldenrod; greenheart wood; guaiac wood; helichrysum; hemp; Himalayan fir; hyssop; jasmine; juniper; kapoor kachri; laurel; lavender; ledum; lemon; lemongrass; lemon verbena; lime; litsea; lovage; marjoram; mastic; melissa; monarda; myrrh; myrtle; neroli; niaouli; nutmeg; oakmoss; oregano; palmarosa; patchouli; peppermint; Peru balsam; pine; plai; prickly ash; rhododendron; Roman chamomile; rose; rosemary; rosewood; sage; sandalwood; santolina; saro; savory; seaweed; silver fir; spearmint; St. John’s wort; tagetes; tamarack; tarragon; tea tree; thuja; thyme; tobacco leaf; valerian; vetivert; violet; white cloud (kunzea); yarrow
Here is an example of a site-specific rubric:
angelica; anise; balsam poplar; basil; benzoin; bitter orange; black pepper; black spruce; blue chamomile; buchu; caraway; cardamom; carrot seed; cassie; catnip; cayenne; celery seed; cinnamon; clove; copaiba; coriander; cumin; cypress; dill; eucalyptus; fennel; fenugreek; galbanum; gandhi root; ginger; goldenrod; greenheart wood; guaiac wood; grapefruit; helichrysum; juniper; laurel; leleshwa; lemon; lemon verbena; lime; litsea; lovage; marjoram; mastic; melissa; monarda; myrrh; nutmeg; oregano; palo santo; parsley; peppermint; pine; plai; ravensare; Roman chamomile; savory; seaweed; spearmint; spikenard; tangerine; tarragon; tea tree; thyme; tuberose; turmeric; white cloud (kunzea); ylang ylang;
Cell Salt and Essential Oil Modalities
In both homeopathy and SPE, the term modality refers to a factor that makes an individual’s symptoms better or worse. For instance, pain that is better for warmth (the modality = better for warmth) or pain that is worse for motion (the modality = worse for motion). Each of the cell salts is identified with specific modalities. For example, Kali phos. has various modalities including: worse for cold. In this reference, here is the worse for cold rubric from the SPE Repertory of Essential Oils.
Cold, worse for:
Ammi visnaga; anise; balsam fir; basil; benzoin; bitter orange; black pepper; black spruce; blue chamomile; buchu; cacao; calendula; camphor; caraway; cardamom; carrot seed; catnip; cayenne; cedarwood; celery seed; champaca; cilantro; cinnamon; cistus; clove; coffee; copaiba; coriander; cypress; dill; Douglas-fir; elemi; eucalyptus; fenugreek; frankincense; ginger; goldenrod; greenheart wood; guaiac wood; helichrysum; Himalayan fir; jasmine; juniper; laurel; ledum; lemon; lemon verbena; lemongrass; lime; lovage; marjoram; mastic; monarda; myrrh; myrtle; neroli; niaouli; nutmeg; oakmoss; oregano; orris root; palmarosa; parsley; patchouli; peppermint; Peru balsam; pine; plai; ravensare; rhododendron; Roman chamomile; rose; rosemary; rosewood; sage; sandalwood; savory; seaweed; silver fir; spikenard; St. John’s wort; tamarack; tarragon; tobacco; thuja; thyme; tuberose; turmeric; valerian; vetivert; violet leaf; white cloud (kunzea); yarrow; ylang ylang
When the various selected rubrics (Mineral Family, Chakra, Sun Sign, Symptom or Tissue Site and Modality rubrics) regarding a particular cell salt are compared (copied from the Repertory and pasted in vertical alignment on a blank page; i.e., a “rubric overlay”), certain oils will appear in most or all of the selected rubrics. These redundant oils constitute a “possibles list” of oils which may possibly be included in the synergistic oil blend.
The corresponding essential oils possibles lists for each of the 3 selected cell salts are then compared in order to identify a list of oils that are found in all 3 possibles lists. These oils are referred to as “standouts.”
Then the relevant essential oil chapters (regarding each of the oils on the standouts list) in Berkowsky’s Synthesis Materia Medica/Spiritualis of Essential Oils are reviewed. Some will be found to be relevant in the case and others insufficiently so and a finalized list of “variables” essential oils emerges which, in conjunction with the “given oils” directly associated with each of the three cell salts, will comprise the component oils in the synergistic blend.
During this course, Dr. Berkowsky will provide in-depth instruction in this entire repertorizing and rubric overlay process so that the students will clearly understand how to create a synergistic oil blend that is based upon the three cell salts selected in a given case.
Dilution of the Blend
Samuel Hahnemann, the founder of homeopathy, developed the process of serial dilution and succussion known as potentization, which releases the dynamic essence of the medicine from its material matrix. It is this single aspect of homeopathy that has baffled and alienated allopathically oriented people who have never observed this principle in action nor investigated its logic.
Hahnemann reasoned that the dynamic (involvement of the subtle body) nature of disease mandated that the dynamic (subtle energy) aspect of a medicine was the most important one. The great homeopath, James Tyler Kent concurs: “”We see from all this the necessity of potentization. All causes are so refined in character, so subtle in their nature, that they can operate from center to circumference, operate upon man’s interiors and from the interior to the very exterior.””
In the practice of Spiritual PhytoEssencing, potentization of an essential oil blend not only strips the essential oil of its “garment” and distills out its “power,” it allows for much safer internal administration of the essential oils.
As noted above: Schuessler believed that the salts had to engage directly with diseased or devitalized cells. Thus, being a homeopath as well as medical doctor, he prepared his cell salts using the homeopathic method of sequential dilution and potentization. The resultant high dilution enables the few remaining molecules of the mineral salt to bypass obstructions in the body and to be absorbed independent of the processes of digestion and assimilation that are often weakened and inefficient in an ill or devitalized individual.
Accordingly, as the cell salts being used are all in dilutions of (most commonly) 1 part mineral salt : 1,000,000 parts neutral base (lactose or alcohol/water solution), in Dr. Berkowsky’s Cell Salt-Essential Oil Paradigm, all the customized essential oil blends are used in highly diluted, potentized form in order to maintain the focus of the protocol upon the human subtle body or “body of light.” This enables both the cell salts and corresponding essential oil blends to act upon both the physical body and the subtle body within the human organism.
In Dr. Berkowsky’s Cell Salt/Essential Oil Paradigm, the corresponding essential oil blends are generally used in a dilution of 1 part essential oil blend : to 1000 parts carrier oil (3X potency). During this course, Dr. Berkowsky will provide precise instructions for creating these potentized dilutions.
Administration of Cell Salts and Corresponding Essential Oil Blends
While the cell salts are taken sublingually, the essential oil blends are applied externally upon relevant chakras, skin reflex points and acupoints (any of the specific points on the body used in acupuncture or acupressure).
Each of the 12 cell salt chapters lists the chakras and major skin reflex points and acupoints relevant to that salt. Students will be taught how to select points from these lists and how to apply the oil blend dilution to them.
Although Dr. Berkowsky will not be providing in-depth instruction about the art of moxibustion, he will describe how to use it as an optional part of his Cell Salts/Corresponding Essential Oil Blends Paradigm.
Moxibustion is a traditional Chinese medicine technique that involves the burning of mugwort, a dried, fluffy herb on specific acupoints to strengthen the blood, stimulate the flow of chi, and thus improve general health in those with cold or stagnant conditions. The burning of moxa is believed to expel cold and warm the chi meridians (channels), encouraging a more organized and consistent flow of blood and chi. Most of the spiritually sensitive individuals one encounters in Spiritual PhytoEssencing practice are prone to cold and/or stagnant conditions.
There are two types of moxibustion: direct and indirect. In direct moxibustion, a small, amount of moxa (mugwort herb) is rolled between thumb and forefinger to create a small cone-shaped mass. This is then placed on top of an acupuncture point and set alight with an incense stick.
In indirect moxibustion, the individual lights one end of a cigar-shaped moxa stick, and holds it close to the area being treated until the area turns red and becomes quite warm.
In Dr. Berkowsky’s Cell Salts/Corresponding Essential Oil Blends Paradigm, whenever moxibustion is used (perhaps twice weekly), the individual precedes that with the administration of the three selected cell salts. Then, 5 to 10 minutes after the completion of the moxibustion the individual rubs the corresponding essential oil blend into the acupoints that were treated.
Dr. Berkowsky’s Cell Salts/Corresponding Essential Oil Blends Paradigm is generally used on a daily basis. Thus, for most of each week, the protocol is not used in conjunction with moxibustion. However, those one or two times per week when moxa is incorporated into the protocol it encourages deeper, more dynamic action.
2019 Course tuition includes:
1) All 6 webinar classes (if necessary to complete all the material Dr. Berkowsky plans to present there may be a 7th class that will be presented at no additional charge); video recordings of the 6 (or possibly 7) classes;
2) Seven study exercises
3) Miscellaneous instructional documents and reference guides; 10 Natural Health Science PowerCooking recipes (Dr. Berkowsky plans to publish the revised edition of this sold out cookbook in 2020).
Each of the classes will be 2 hours and 15 minutes in length. Thus, there will be a minimum of 13+ hours of recordings.
Class recordings:All classes will be recorded and so those who have scheduling conflicts and miss a class, can review the entire presentation whenever they like, at their own pace. The video webinar recordings also allow those who did attend the class the chance to review the class material as often as desired. The links for each class recording are e-mailed approximately 4 days after each class is presented.
Schedule Of Classes – there will be 6 classes (and perhaps a 7th bonus class) in all.
The course begins on April 9th and concludes on June 18th.
First Class Tuesday, April 9th @ 5:00 p.m. Pacific Time (8:00 p.m. Eastern Time). All classes are presented at the same time.
The scheduling of classes for the remainder of the course is set as follows:
Class #2: Tuesday, April 23rd;
Class #3: Tuesday, May 7th;
Class #4: Tuesday, May 21st;
Class #5: Tuesday, June 4th;
Class #4: Tuesday, June 18th;
Continuing Education Credit and Certification
Those who complete the entire course can request a letter that indicates eligibility for 18 CE credits.
In order to enable those on more limited incomes to participate in the course, Dr. Berkowsky has steeply reduced the regular tuition for this course.
Tuition covers: all 6 (or 7) classes, the recordings, as well all the other materials described above.
Individuals who cannot afford to pay the full tuition in one payment can contact Dr. Berkowsky to set up a comfortable, monthly installment payment plan. There is a one-time flat fee for paying by installment ($10 fee for a 2-payment installment plan; $15 fee for 3-payment installments plan).
Special: Combined Tuition for: 2019 Cell Salts– Essential Oil Blend Paradigm Course PLUS
recording set for the Cell Salts Part 1 and Naturopathic Hydrotherapies Course:
Until March 3rd :$395.00.
March 4th until March 31st: $410.00
After March 31st: $435.00